Spain Digital Nomad Visa: Questions & Answers after 1 year since approval

Spain Digital Nomad Visa

Soon to be a year since its launch, the Spain Digital Nomad Visa continues to intrigue remote workers worldwide. To demystify the process and address key questions, Sterna Abogados prepared an insightful Q&A. This guide serves as an essential resource for understanding the Spain Digital Nomad Visa specific questions, offering more clarity and guidance for prospective applicants.

Q: What is the current state of the Digital Nomad Visa in Spain?

A: The Digital Nomad Visa in Spain, designed for remote workers, has seen some changes in criteria and implementation. Initially, both employees and freelancers were considered eligible. However, due to challenges in procuring specific Social Security documents, the focus has shifted more towards freelancers and contractors.

Q: What are the primary challenges faced by applicants of the Digital Nomad Visa?

A: One of the significant challenges is the lack of coordination between different Spanish agencies, leading to inconsistencies in application processing. Additionally, non-European employees face difficulties in obtaining necessary documents from their home countries’ Social Security, particularly from the US and Russia.

Q: How has the UK’s approach to the Digital Nomad Visa changed recently?

A: Initially, the UK was more lenient in granting the necessary documents for the Visa. However, recent changes have seen UK authorities only issuing these documents for a year, complicating the process for UK-based applicants.

Q: Are there any specific benefits for freelancers under the Digital Nomad Visa?

A: Yes, freelancers can benefit significantly. They are required to enroll in the Spanish Social Security system, which grants them access to public health insurance in Spain. This coverage extends to their family members as well.

Q: Can family members of a Digital Nomad Visa holder work in Spain?

A: Yes, family members who accompany the primary visa holder can work in Spain. They have more flexibility compared to the principal applicant and can work for Spanish companies or as freelancers without restrictions.

Q: What are some common issues with family applications under this Visa?

A: One notable issue is the strictness in proving familial relationships, especially for unmarried partners. Proving a long-term relationship without formal documentation like marriage certificates can be challenging.

Q: What are the financial requirements for the Digital Nomad Visa?

A: Applicants must demonstrate an income of at least €30,000 per year. If the income is slightly lower, say between €27,000 and €28,000, it may still be acceptable if the applicant has sufficient savings.

Q: Are there any preferred methods of payment verification for the Visa application?

A: Yes, the Spanish authorities prefer bank certificates showing payments for the last three months. Payments via PayPal have faced scrutiny and are less favored, which can pose challenges for applicants who use PayPal predominantly.

Q: Can the Digital Nomad Visa lead to permanent residency or citizenship in Spain?

A: Yes, the Visa can eventually lead to long-term residency or citizenship. The initial visa is valid for three years and can be renewed for another two years. After five years of residency, applicants from non-Iberoamerican countries can apply for long-term residency, while Iberoamerican nationals can pursue Spanish citizenship.

Q: What is the general success rate for Digital Nomad Visa applications?

A: While there are challenges, many applications are successful. The lawyers mentioned more than 30 approvals, with a few denials mainly due to issues with financial proofs and family relationship documentation.


As we approach the one-year mark since the launch of the Spain Digital Nomad Visa, it’s clear that this innovative program has significantly impacted the landscape of remote work. Through this comprehensive Q&A compiled by Sterna Abogados, prospective applicants gain a clearer understanding of the visa’s requirements, benefits, and potential challenges.

This guide not only sheds light on the evolving criteria and implementation of the program but also offers practical solutions to common obstacles faced by applicants. Whether you’re a freelancer seeking new opportunities or a family planning to relocate, the Spain Digital Nomad Visa presents a unique pathway to experiencing life and work in Spain. With a commendable success rate and continuous adaptations to meet applicants’ needs, the Digital Nomad Visa stands as a testament to Spain’s commitment to embracing the global remote work community.