Is a child born in Spain to a US citizen automatically granted residency? Would the mother too?


Is a child born in Spain to a US citizen automatically granted residency? If a woman from the US gives birth to a child in Spain, and the father has citizenship in a different EU country outside of Spain but has been living in Spain since elementary school and has permanent residency in Spain…

Is that child automatically granted residency or nationality (I’m thinking residency is more likely)? And is the mother able to then eventually obtain residency (arraigo social i think) through the child?

I’ve tried to do research but can’t find the same situation, most of what I’ve found talks about both parents being foreigners but doesn’t specify if that’s within or outside the EU.


These are the answers of some Facebook group members:

“No Spanish parents, then no. THe child would have to get fathers EU citizenship and your US citizenship. After citizenship is established then the father adds the child to residency not before.”

“Only if the child is registered as a resident and has lived in Spain for a year. Doesn’t matter where parents were born. Now as for mother she can get residency based on the father’s residency.”

“Only stateless children born in Spain of foreign parents are given Spanish citizenship is my understanding. Most of the Americas give citizenship by birthright, but in Europe and the East they mostly don’t, and its just passed down from a parent.”

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Bruno Bianchi
Bruno Bianchi is the Director at SpainGuru, where he offers his expertise on Spanish immigration, visas, and residency. Over the years, he has been a guide for many navigating the intricacies of Spanish immigration & bureaucracy. In addition to his role at SpainGuru, Bruno anchors the SpainGuru YouTube channel. Through this platform, he shares valuable insights and updates on immigration matters, simplifying complex processes for a global audience. Bruno's dedication to providing clear and trustworthy information has made him a trusted figure in the community. In addition to his pivotal role at SpainGuru, Bruno boasts over 17 years of professional experience in several online platforms. With roles ranging from the COO and co-founder of and Sales director of the MAPSA Group, Bruno's diverse experiences (he holds 3 nationalities) and multilingual capabilities (he speaks 5 languages) make him a dynamic and influential figure in both the immigration and business sectors.